Introduction to Saffron Farming
Crocus sativus (Iridaceae), commonly known as Saffron “زعفران”, is an annual herbaceous historically cultivated in the Mediterranean region for the commercial production of the most expensive spice in the world. For its high ecological adaptability for semiarid conditions, the cultivation of Crocus sativus in Bekaa region in Lebanon has been recommended as a promising option for rural development especially under the status of climate change. Thus, saffron cultivation has been attempted by individual private efforts and by the Institute of Agricultural Research. In attempt to explore its suitability to grow in Cental Bekaa and provide a continuous source of samples to the Faculty of Pharmacy and other faculties at BAU, RCED established a demonstration activity of saffron cultivation in 2012 that ended in August 2018. A brief report on the activity is developed and circulated to all collaborators and colleagues who are interested in the plant.