Manuscript Preparation Guidelines

This document provides details of typesetting and layout requirements pertaining to manuscript submission to BAU Journals.

  • Do not include a title page or abstract or keywords. (Begin the document with the introduction; a title page, including the abstract and the keywords, will be added to your paper by the editors.)
  • Do not include page numbers, headers, or footers. These will be added by the editors.
  • Write your article in English (unless the journal expressly permits non-English submissions).
  • Submit your manuscript, including tables, figures, appendices, etc., as a single file (Word, RTF, or PDF files are accepted).
  • Page size should be A4.
  • Page margins (left, right, top) should be 2.7 cm, including your tables and figures, while bottom margin should be 1.5 cm.
  • Single space your text.
  • Use a single column layout with both left and right margins justified.
  • Font:
  • Main Body—11 pt. Times New Roman
  • Footnotes—10 pt. Times New Roman
  • Captions for figures and tables—10 pt. Times New Roman
  • If figures are included, use high-resolution figures, preferably encoded as encapsulated PostScript (eps).
  • Copyedit your manuscript.
  • When possible, there should be no pages where more than a quarter of the page is empty space.

Indenting, Line Spacing, and Justification

Indent all paragraphs except those following a section heading. An indent should be 1 cm-spaces.

Do not insert extra space between paragraphs of text with the exception of long quotations, theorems, propositions, special remarks, etc. These should be set off from the surrounding text by additional space above and below.

Don't "widow" or "orphan" text (i.e., ending a page with the first line of a paragraph or beginning a page with the last line of a paragraph).

All text should be left-justified (i.e., flush with the left margin). Where possible, it should also be right-justified (i.e., flush with the right margin). "Where possible" refers to the quality of the justification. For example, LaTeX and TeX do an excellent job of justifying text. Word does a reasonable job. But some word processors do a lousy job (e.g., they achieve right justification by inserting too much white space within and between words). We prefer flush right margins. However, it is better to have jagged right margins than to have flush right margins with awkward intra- and inter-word spacing. Make your decision on whichever looks best.

Language & Grammar

All submissions must be in English. Except for common foreign words and phrases, the use of foreign words and phrases should be avoided.

Authors should use proper, standard English grammar. The Elements of Style by William Strunk, Jr. and E. B. White (now in its fourth edition) is the "standard" guide, but other excellent guides (e.g., The Chicago Manual of Style, University of Chicago Press) exist as well.

Article Length

The length of the article should not exceed 12 pages, i.e. around 5000 words including notes and references.

Colored text

Set the font color to black for the majority of the text. We encourage authors to take advantage of the ability to use color in the production of figures, maps, etc., however, you need to appreciate that this will cause some of your readers problems when they print the document on a black & white printer. For this reason, you are advised to avoid the use of colors in situations where their translation to black and white would render the material illegible or incomprehensible.

Please ensure that there are no colored mark-ups or comments in the final version, unless they are meant to be part of the final text. (You may need to "accept all changes" in track changes or set your document to "normal" in final markup.)

Emphasized text

Whenever possible use italics to indicate text you wish to emphasize rather than underlining it. The use of color to emphasize text is discouraged.

Font faces

Except, possibly, where special symbols are needed, use Times New Roman as the main font type for the manuscript text.

Font size

The main body of text should be set in 11 pt.

Foreign terms

Whenever possible, foreign terms should be set in italics rather than underlined.


Major headings are to be boldface of font type Times New Roman, and of size 12 pt, all capital letters flush left with numbers starting with “Introduction” 1. INTRODUCTION) and ending with the “Conclusions”. Second level headings are to be boldface, initial capital and flush left (e.g. 2.2 Analysis of the Results). Third level headings are non-boldface, with only the first letter of the heading capital and flush left (e.g. 3.1.2 Description of test specimens).

Main text

The font for the main body of text must be black and, if at all possible, in Times New Roman.


Whenever possible, titles of books, movies, etc., should be set in italics rather than underlined.


Footnotes should appear at the bottom of the page on which they are referenced rather than at the end of the paper. Footnotes should be in 10 pt. Times or closest comparable font available, they should be single spaced, and there should be a footnote separator rule (line). Footnote numbers or symbols in the text must follow, rather than precede, punctuation. Excessively long footnotes are probably better handled in an appendix. All footnotes should be left and right-justified (i.e., flush with the right margin), unless this creates awkward spacing.

Tables and Figures

To the extent possible, tables and figures should appear in the document near where they are referenced in the text. Large tables or figures should be put on pages by themselves.

Captions should be located under the figure and on top of the table. They should be clearly distinguished from the text. All captions must be written in Times New Romans, 10 pt., non-bold.

Figures' captions must start with Fig. 1

Tables' captions must start with Table 1

Figures must be located on the right side of page. Captions of figures must be justified left. In case of large figures, please put it in the middle taking the whole area under paragraph. Tables must be located in the middle taking the whole area too. In the text, authors must mention (as shown as Fig. 1) or (as indicated in Table 1). Text written inside tables is preferable to be 9 pt., non-bold. Under captions, authors must write references of these tables and figures. Captions of figures are justified left. Avoid the use of overly small type in tables. In no case should tables or figures be in a separate document or file. All tables and figures must fit within 1.5" margins on all sides (top, bottom, left and right) in both portrait and landscape view.


Roman letters used in mathematical expressions as variables should be italicized. Roman letters used as part of multi-letter function names should not be italicized. Whenever possible, subscripts and superscripts should be a smaller font size than the main text.

Short mathematical expressions should be typed inline. Longer expressions should appear as display math. Also expressions using many different levels (e.g., such as the fractions) should be set as display math. Important definitions or concepts can also be set off as display math.

Equations should be numbered sequentially. Whether equation numbers are on the right or left is the choice of the author(s). However, you are expected to be consistent in this.

Symbols and notation in unusual fonts should be avoided. This will not only enhance the clarity of the manuscript, but it will also help insure that it displays correctly on the reader's screen and prints correctly on her printer.


It is the author's obligation to provide complete references with the necessary information. After the last sentence of your submission, please insert a line break—not a page break—and begin your references on the same page, if possible. References should appear right after the end of the document, beginning on the last page if possible. References should have margins that are both left and right- justified. You may choose not to right-justify the margin of one or more references if the spacing looks too awkward. Each reference should give the last names of all the authors, their first names or first initials, and, optionally, their middle initials. The hierarchy for ordering the references is:

  • Last name of first author
  • First name of first author
  • Last name of second author (if any). Co-authored work is listed after solo-authored work by the same first author (e.g., Edlin, Aaron S. would precede Edlin, Aaron S. and Stefan Reichelstein).
  • First name of second author
  • Publication date
  • Order cited in text

References and citations should follow the APA Style: This means that the author's last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text, and a complete reference should appear in the reference list at the end of the paper). In the list of references, a word REFERENCES should be written with no numbering, located on flush left. References should be written in 11 pt. with no numbering. Just, with dashes you can put them in alphabetical order. As example, you may consider the citation (Harrington, 1985).

In the reference list, it will appear as follows:

  • Herrington, A. J. (1985). Classrooms as forums for reasoning and writing. College Compositionand Communication, 36(4), 404-413.
  • Barry, L. (2002). Postmodernism and Literature. London : Routledge.

Authors may enter the website:

In this website, authors may enter name of a book, or journal, or website and easily can have the reference fully written with APA style as required.

Article Submission Agreement for BAU Journals
Warranties & Ownership Overview

Please review the following submission agreement ("Submission Agreement") and indicate your agreement below.

Thank you for submitting an article to BAU Journal - Creative Sustainable Development (the "Journal").

To submit an article (the "Article"):

  • You must be the author, or the authorized agent of the author(s) and copyright holder (if different from the author(s));
  • the author(s) must have approved the work for publication;
  • the author(s) must have agreed to submit the article to the Journal;
  • the author(s) must accept full responsibility for the content of the Article;
  • the Article must be the Author(s) original work and must not contain any libelous or unlawful statements or infringe on the rights or privacy of others or contain material or instructions that might cause harm or injury
  • the Article must not have been previously published, is not pending review elsewhere, and will not be submitted for review elsewhere pending the completion of the editorial decision process at the Journal.

By submitting the Article, you represent and warrant that the above are true.

Each article submitted will undergo the Journal's editorial decision process. The Journal is not under any obligation to publish the Article. We will send you notices at the email address associated with your account.

If the Journal agrees to publish the Article, in order to expedite the publishing process and enable the Journal to circulate your work to the fullest extent, you hereby agree that upon publication, the following is automatically assigned to the publisher: all copyright in and to the Article for the full term of the copyright and all renewals and extensions.

This is subject to generous personal-use exceptions and attribution and usage policies as described in the Journal policies.

By clicking Accept you agree and consent to the Submission Agreement and the Journal policies.

For complete details about refereeing obligations, rights, and warranties, see BAU Journals policies page.