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Hypertension prevalence, awareness, and treatment in a sample of Lebanese population: a prospective study

Abstract

Purpose: Hypertension is called "the silent killer since it is one of the causes of premature morbidity and mortality world-wide. Earlier detection of hypertension reduces the burden of cardiovascular diseases. Accordingly, this study describes the incidence, awareness and treatment of hypertension in a sample of Lebanese population. Methods: Lebanese citizens aged 18 years and above who visited a charitable clinic in May 2012 were screened for hypertension by measuring their blood pressure and reviewing their medical history. After obtaining an informed consent, a personal interview was held to collect the past medical history, past drug therapy, and compliance. Results: Six hundred fifty seven patients were screened. Based on the blood pressure recorded and the past medical history obtained from the patients, 67.7% had hypertension of which 65% were aware of being hypertensive. The mean age of the studied sample was 5812. Sixty percent were female and 40% were male. The total number of patients on medication was 240, of which only 58.8% were compliant. Out of the compliant patients only 60.3% had their blood pressure controlled on therapy. The percentage of patients taking Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitor, -blocker, combination of 2, 3 and 4 different classes and unknown medications were 16.7%, 24.6%, 34.6%, 10.8%, 1.3% and 12% respectively. The incidence of smoking, caffeine, family history of hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia and CAD in the studied sample was 48.5%, 91.2%, 33%, 33%, 29.2% and 12.1% respectively. Physical activity is only detected in 12%. Conclusion: This study has demonstrated a high incidence of hypertension in a Lebanese sample. A large number of patients were unaware of being hypertensive. Some are noncompliant, have several risk factors and do not practice adequate lifestyle. As a consequence, an awareness campaign should be made in all regions of Lebanon to explore and educate patients about hypertension.

Author(s)

Mariam Houri

Coauthor(s)

Ahmed Elmallah, Souraya Domiati

Journal/Conference Information

ACCP Virtual Poster Symposium,6-037