A concise framework of academic research. Introduction to various methods and techniques for conducting research work, and producing complete research documents (e.g. reports, papers, and dissertations). Developing research programs, critical thinking, data collection, analysis and organization of findings into thorough writings and well-documented papers. Basic knowledge about the stages/processes of effective research, survey of resources, reading stage, formulation of hypotheses, building an argument, drawing conclusions, writing-up and citing of sources.