The Appropriate Building Materials for Energy Saving in Different Climate Zones in Egypt


Nowadays, reducing energy consumption is globally considered a matter of high priority on the different levels of community and economic interest, especially in the developing countries, due to the growing shortage of traditional energy resources with the rapidly increasing energy prices and its impact on the natural environment through the consumption of various energy resources such as fossil fuels. The residential building sector is responsible for consuming a large percentage of energy, especially that used in heating and cooling, which could be reduced through using different passive design strategies, such as designing the building shape, setting the optimum orientation and selecting the most appropriate building materials for the specific climate zones. Therefore, this paper focuses on reducing the energy consumption in the residential building sector in Egypt by evaluating four different non-structural filling wall materials, including red bricks, cement bricks, stone and curtain walls located in different climate zones. Simulation analysis techniques are used to measure the related energy consumption parameters for cooling and/or heating to achieve the thermal comfort zone for building users. These results will aid architects in the pre-design stage to choose the most appropriate material for their designs, depending on the location concerned.


Eslam Mohamed Elsamahy


Mary Felix

Journal/Conference Information

BAU Journal - Creative Sustainable Development:,DOI:, ISSN: 2664-9446, Volume: 1, Issue: 1, Pages Range: 1-10,