The Adopted Procurement Systems in the Construction Processes of the Informal Settlements in Beirut


Compared to other cities, the construction of informal settlements in the city of Beirut is caused by a range of interrelated factors including population growth, rural-urban migration and political intrigues. These settlements follow a reverse development process where people occupy the land, then build on it, install infrastructures, and finally, acquire ownership. The aim of this study is to identify the adopted procurement methods in the construction process of informal settlements in Beirut through the different construction phases of these settlements. The methodology used in this study is based on a qualitative analysis of the informal housing in Beirut as a case study. The analysis focuses on the role and the responsibilities of the main actors and stakeholders in the construction process while relating this process to the construction procurement systems categories: Separated and Cooperative System (Design/Bid/Build), Integrated System (Design/Build), and Management Oriented System. The results of this study help identify the gaps in the processes adopted in the construction of the dwelling units in the informal settlements, which lead to the unorganized development of these settlements impacting the image of the city as one that is permanently ‘under construction’.


Khaled Aref Sadek


Ibtihal Youssef El Bastawissi, Rokia Mohammad Reslan

Journal/Conference Information

UHWB2018 Building collaborative intelligence for better lives in cities,Conference Type: International, ISBN: 2617-1635, Organized By: BAU - ISUH - ISC, Proceeding Format: Print editions, Conference Date: 10/23/2018,