Globally, the impacts of disasters have risen rapidly over recent decades, affecting almost all sectors and rich countries and poor countries alike. Several hundred million people are affected annually and losses reached a record US$ 371 billion in 2012. This average is increasing until this year. (According to UNISDR). In some regions numerous smaller-scale and unreported events are a major source of aggregate loss, especially in developing countries and poor communities. These disasters include natural disasters such as floods and earthquakes and man-made disasters such as wars. The damages that these disasters cause may destroy urban communities thus leaving a huge number of people homeless. Architects always interfere after the disaster to participate in reconstruction. Aid in case of disasters usually happens on several stages: 1st Emergency relief stage: (emergency shelters such like tents, 2nd Rehabilitation stage: (temporary housing), and 3rd Reconstruction stage: (permanent housing). Temporary housing provision plays a crucial role on those programs since it is one of the most important needs for people and essential for their well-being. Therefore, the paper aims to highlight various shapes of temporary houses as well as to identify their main sustainable problems. In an attempt to avoid these problems, in addition this paper proposes some recommendations for more efficient sustainable building of temporary house.


Assoc. Farhat, Baher, Arch. Al-Habbal, Dima and Prof. Afify, Ayman