Egypt passed through a critical political transitions and revolutions starting from early 2011 until the arrival of the democratically elected President Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi. The primary slogans of protestors during Egypt’s first 2011 Revolution were ‘bread, freedom, and justice for all (national dignity). These very same issues were addressed previously at the Millennium Summit in September 2000, where the largest gathering of world leaders in history adopted the UN Millennium Declaration, and setup the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), proceeded by the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Both the MDGs and SDGs aim to extend the rights of each person to quality healthcare, basic education, shelter, and security. Although, achieving the Development Goals is a top priority on the agenda of Egyptian policy makers, some of the goals have not been achieved. In addition, the global economic crisis since 2008 has imposed new challenges and restrictions that decelerated achievement within the agreed timeframe set by the United Nations. Egypt has strong potential growth possibilities, a significant human resource base, and a substantial quantity of un-recycled wastes that could be directed towards sustainable development. The intention of this paper is to discuss and propose a methodology, which promotes a productive workforce, and addresses environmental concerns in aims of supporting the UN Millennium Declaration.


Prof. Mansour, Ashraf