Meeting the Problems of Traffic Congestion IN Beirut Southern Entrance


"The role of transportation in human life cannot be overemphasized. Transportation enables employment .education, health services and Leisure. Efficient transportation system plays an important role in catering to the daily necessities in the lives of the citizens. This system has to meet the perceived social and economic needs. One of the negative impacts of this system in Traffic Congestion, Lebanon is a small country with most of the big cities and main government divisions are centralized in its capital. Beirut is the center of the economic, cultural, social and intellectual activities where the Lebanese parliament, all the ministries, banks, universities, corporations and most of the public administrations. These activities lead to the drift of population from the rural areas into the capital, which leads to high traffic volume into Beirut which result is what is known as traffic congestion. Everyday Lebanese people complain about being stuck in traffic, and this leads to spend more time of what it should take and this is known as traffic congestion. Traffic congestion is one of the major problems facing Beirut Southern Entrance in its eastern and western routes since it makes life uncomfortable for people and it is attributed by a number of factors including rapid population increase, inadequate and poor infrastructure, city structure, and rapid increase in the number of cars. Traffic congestion leads to other kinds of problems such as noise pollution, air pollution, and wastage of fuel and it easily causes traffic jam where vehicles are fully stopped for a long period. The aim of this study is to identify the main sources of traffic congestion in” Beirut Southern Entrance” in its eastern and western route, to focus on the most two important sources, to calculate the average the waiting time spent in queue, to quantify the direct costs of traffic congestion in Beirut Southern Entrance using analytical models and to suggest potential solutions. "


Safaa Ahmad Hajjoul


Dr. Hadi Abou Chakra, Dr. Ali Ghandour