The project investigates the structure of aquatic macrophytes in Litani Rivers and Qaraoun Reservoir as most important water resources in Lebanon.
During the last decade, serious concern regarding the deteriorating quality of the water of the river and reservoir has greatly grown across the country. Macrophyte indices (metrics) have been utilised for water quality monitoring and assessment of the trophic status of water bodies.
Lebanon is part of the Mediterranean Basin biodiversity hot spot which is the largest of the world’s five Mediterranean-climate regions and the second largest hot spot in the world. Mount Hermon is a mountain cluster in the Anti-Lebanon mountain range, a key biodiversity area in the Mediterranean Basin hot spot. The overall objective of this project is to develop a deep understanding of the flora biodiversity of Mount Hermon and improve livelihood of its surrounding areas through sustainable use, conservation, appropriate management strategies and social development.
Water in Lebanon is facing steadily increasing challenges. Numerous reports show alarming deterioration in the quality of this resource and a gradual decrease in its per capita availability. This has been attributed to the growing water demands, lack of efficient management and development strategies, and extensive human practices.
Agricultural, in particular, is claimed to be the major consumer of water in the country.
Additionally, improper agricultural practices ranging from water overexploitation, misuse or overuse of fertilizers and pesticides, as well as haphazard disposal of farm wastes, are among the major factors adversely impacting water resources and thus the development of agriculture itself.
RCED realizes that plant biodiversity conservation is crucial to the environment and human livelihoods. It also recognizes the national concern for the development of farming community in Bekaa. The Foundation of the garden has been a result of the ambitions partnership of RCED, Faculty of Pharmacy and Green Hand.
An area of 9,000 m2 of a fertile land of BAU premises in Central Bekaa allocated to the garden is gradually cultivated with endemic, threatened and commercially important medicinal plants from different agro-climatic zones of Lebanon and the region. The garden will allow efficient propagation and sustainable supply of raw material to the farming community, industries and viable research and enterprises.
The project aims at assessing the production & quality parameters of medicinal plants, particularly Origanum syriacum & Salvia fruticosa cultivated at Research Center for Environment & Development, Beirut Arab University in Bekaa. View Report