This course covers knowledge related to diseases, disorders, and surgeries of both cardiovascular and respiratory system. Also this course will cover special knowledge about critical care evaluation and intervention. Emphasis will be done on pathophysiology, clinical features, medical and surgical interventions, and the corresponding physical therapy management including examination, evaluation/assessment, treatment planning, intervention skills, and prevention are thus discussed for each of the conditions or surgeries covered. A problem solving approach, to resolve impairments contributing to functional limitations and disabilities, is emphasized. Pre-req: ANAT 203, PHYL 211.