Origin and nature of soil, clay minerals and soil structure, phase relationships, grain size analysis, consistency and soil classification. Soil Hydraulics: Principle of effective stresses, capillarity, permeability, pumping wells, 1-D and 2-D seepage, flow nets, filter design. Stress distribution, Mohr circles and pole method. Compressibility of soil, theory of consolidation. Failure criteria. Shear strength of soil slope stability, mass procedures and methods of slices. Laboratory testing and reports. Pre-req: CVLE 211 and CVLE 231.