Lateral earth pressures: at rest, active and passive states, limit equilibrium methods and theory of elasticity, seismic conditions, hydrostatic and seepage pressures. Retaining walls: design of gravity, cantilever, and basement walls. Sheet-piles: cantilever and anchored bulkheads, free- and fixed-earth support methods, moment reduction, anchorage design. Braced cuts: pressure envelopes, design of sheeting, wale beams and struts, stability against bottom heave or piping. Shoring systems: types, control of groundwater, construction stages, anchors prestressing and testing, ground settlement around excavations. Code requirements, computer applications. Pre-req: CVLE 432.